2 edition of **Calculation of vertical stress exerted by topographic features** found in the catalog.

Calculation of vertical stress exerted by topographic features

V. R. Shea-Albin

- 182 Want to read
- 23 Currently reading

Published
**1992**
by U.S., Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines in Washington, D.C
.

Written in English

- Ground control (Mining),
- Rock pressure -- Measurement -- Data processing.,
- Geomorphology.,
- Coal mines and mining.

**Edition Notes**

Includes bibliographical references (p. 22).

Statement | by Valois R. Shea-Albin, Dennis R. Dolinar, and Douglas C. Peters. |

Series | Report of investigations ;, 9409, Report of investigations (United States. Bureau of Mines) ;, 9409. |

Contributions | Dolinar, Dennis R., Peters, Douglas C. |

Classifications | |
---|---|

LC Classifications | TN23 .U43 no. 9409, TN288 .U43 no. 9409 |

The Physical Object | |

Pagination | 33 p. : |

Number of Pages | 33 |

ID Numbers | |

Open Library | OL1551092M |

LC Control Number | 91030851 |

In press at Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, August 4 66 Early studies of topographic stresses focused on the effects of large-scale topography 67 (hundreds of kilometers or more in horizontal extent) on the lithosphere at depths of kilometers 68 or more (see review in McNutt, ). Holzhausen () and McTigue and Mei () were 69 among the first to study the stress. the vertical stress, σ v, and the minor principal stress, σ 2, is equal to the horizontal stress, σ h. Figure 6: Measurement of unconfined yield strength in a σ, τ -diagram.

The topographic map is a two-dimensional. representation of the Earth’s three-dimensional. landscape. The most frequently used Canadian topographic map is at the scale of What information is on a topographic map? Topographic maps identify numerous ground. features, which can be grouped into the following. categories: Relief. post-buckling behavior to more general patterns of non-uniform compressive stress. 1. INTRODUCTION Myriam Iturgaiz Elso 2 Task and procedure The themes of this thesis are: Finite Element Method studies on the stability behavior of cylindrical shells under.

(D) The third reference axis is a vertical line. (E) Geologists typically orient structures with reference to the horizontal (strike, bearing, trace, trend) and the vertical (dip, plunge, inclination). (F) Specifying the orientation or attitude relative to the horizontal and vertical references. Vertical exaggeration is often used if you want to discern subtle topographic features or if the profile covers a large horizontal distance (miles) relative to the relief (feet). To determine the amount of vertical exaggeration used to construct a profile, simply divide the real-world units on the horizontal axis by the real-world units on the.

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Calculation of vertical stress exerted by topographic features [Shea-Albin, Valois. R.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Calculation of vertical stress exerted by topographic features. Additional Physical Format: Shea-Albin, V.R.

Calculation of vertical stress exerted by topographic features 33 p. (OCoLC) Online version: Shea-Albin, V.R. Additional Physical Format: Shea-Albin, V.R. Calculation of vertical stress exerted by topographic features 33 p.

(DLC) (OCoLC) Vertical stress calculation techniques presently available either are not sufficiently accurate or cannot handle complex surface topography.

Therefore, the U.S. Bureau of Mines developed a computerized method to calculate vertical stress exerted on surfaces at depth that includes the effect of topography. Calculation of vertical stress exerted by topographic features / By Valois.

Shea-Albin, Douglas C. Peters and Dennis R. Dolinar. Abstract. Includes bibliographical. where \(*\) is the convolution operator.

Stress componentes from an array of point loads representing topography. Calculation of vertical stress exerted by topographic features book calculation can be sped up tremendously (for large arrays) because of the [convolution theorem][conv_theor] which states that in cases like this, a convolution in the space domain is equivalent to a multiplication in the time domain.

The vertical total stress will change with changes in water level and with excavation. Note that free water (i.e. water outside the soil) applies a total stress to a soil surface. Calculation of vertical stress: From an initial state, the stresses under a foundation are first changed by excavation, i.e.

vertical stresses are reduced. After. The effective vertical stress at point A = lbs/cf x 7 ft = lbs/sf - since no water total effective stress is the same as total effective.

Example: Find the effective stress at point A, the groundwater is 2 ft below the surface. A γ = lbs/cf 7 ft 2 ft Solution: The total vertical stress at. In order to calculate vertical exaggeration, follow the steps below: Step 1: Determine the horizontal scale; it will vary depending on the map used.

For the topographic map it will be and for the orthophoto map it will be Step 2: Determine the vertical scale, this is scale used on the vertical axis of the cross section. Look. It is shown that the topographic contrasts of these lamellae are mainly due to vertical stress exerted by the lamellae onto the substrate.

This is surprising because the aspect ratio (thickness. 4 for a force P = 27 kN acts on a round bar with d = 50 mm, the stress is P P 27 kN = C = CCC = CCCCCC = MPa A d2/4 (50 mm)2/4 The equation " = P / A to be valid only for the stress must be uniformly distributed over the cross section of the bar, this condition is.

Contour lines on a map show topography or changes in elevation. They reveal the location of slopes, depressions, ridges, cliffs, height of mountains and hills, and other topographical features. A contour line is a brown line on a map that connects all points of the.

Rui Xin Huang, in Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Wind Stress Pattern. Wind stress on the sea surface is one of the most important driving forces for the oceanic circulation.

Wind stress generates small-scale surface waves first; through wave–wave interaction, energy is transferred in phase space, leading to surface waves of long wavelength and large. This flow pattern induces an average curl of the wind stress [Valerio et al., ]. The most pronounced sheltering effect exerted by the topography was observed in the eastern Sale Marasino channel.

Due to the presence of Monte Isola, from to the wind. Overburden pressure, also called lithostatic pressure, confining pressure or vertical stress, is the pressure or stress imposed on a layer of soil or rock by the weight of overlying material.

The Oxford Dictionary of Earth Sciences describes 'confining pressure' as "the combined hydrostatic stress and lithostatic stress; i.e. the total weight of the interstitial pore water and rock above a.

The vertical distance between two points is called the difference in elevation, which is similar to what you have learned as the difference in height (see Section ). The process of measuring differences in elevation is called levelling, and is a basic operation in topographical surveys.

The Yakima Fold Province has often been referenced as an Earth analogue to thrust fault-related landforms on many solar system bodies including Mars. σ H = Horizontal Stress σ v = Vertical Stress. Let’s solve an example; Find the Poisson’s ratio when the horizontal stress is 12 and the vertical stress is This implies that; σ H = Horizontal Stress = 12 σ v = Vertical Stress = v = σ H / σ v + σ H v = 12 / 16 + 12 v = 12 / 28 v = 12 / 28 v = Therefore, the Poisson’s.

[17] In order to calculate the stress state exerted by topography, the surface topography and bathymetry [Becker et al., ] is first high‐pass filtered using a cosine taper between spherical harmonics and (corresponding to wavelengths between and km).

much greater than the depth of flow is a good approximation to a flow with infinite width. 8 Take the x direction to be downstream and the y direction to be normal to the boundary, with y = 0 at the bottom of the flow (Figure ).

By the no-slip condition, the velocity is zero at y = 0, so the velocity must increase upward in the flow. on a particle during any specific flow: average boundary shear stress and unit discharge. The average boundary shear stress exerted by flowing water on its boundary is: Equation E.1 t = gRS where: t = average boundary shear stress (lb/ft2) g = specific weight of water ( lb/ft3) R = hydraulic radius (ft) S = energy slope or bed slope (ft/ft).

Calculation of Vertical Stress Exerted by Topographic Features. RI REPORT OF INVESTIGATIONS/ Calculation of Vertical Stress Exerted by Topographic Features By Valois R.

Shea-Albin, Dennis R. Dolinar, Posts Related to mining screen foundation design calculation.can then determine the minimum value of stress in the crust applied by tectonic forces required to both offset the stress exerted by topography and to maintain a stress field orien-tation consistent with that of the stress released in the earthquake.

This idea is similar to previous studies that have estimated tectonic stress by balancing the.